When you need to review literature for your dissertation or thesis, it is important to find a topic first. This can be done while searching the existing literature. When you know the amount and relevance of your searched literature, you may tweak your topic by modifying or narrowing it down.
In this step, you should do a generic reading of your searched literature. This helps you in understanding more about the already covered topics, also about those that have the scope of further investigation. You may also go through the linked theories and models that can be the basis of detailed research.
Identify the aim of writing the literature review. Most of the times, it is about tracing ethical, legal and political issues and other historical developments. You may also need this for judging the effectiveness of treatment or identifying the existing gaps in research.
To give due importance to critical and relevant results in your study, it is also essential to interpret and evaluate literature. When you discuss about your study topic, it is important to develop your discussion based on literature that is built on relevant theories.
Based on your study’s design, framework and research model, it is required to synthesize your literature or group it. If there are any noticable cracks,, then those can be used to explore the research gap.
When you start writing the initial draft of your literature review, make sure you form meaningful headings and subheadings. Use your preferred or recommended professional citation style in a consistent manner. All relevant theories should also be developed properly.
After you prepare the first draft, get it peer-reviewed to remove plagiarism and unnoticed errors. Based on the peer review feedback, make appropriate changes to shape your work well.
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